Depolarizing E-Cigarette Research: The need for epistemic humility

Time: 10:25 - 10:40

Date: Tuesday 7th December 2021

Science is a social activity embedded within a complex research ecosystem, and conducted by highly-trained individuals who are nevertheless human. There are therefore external and internal factors – incentives and cognitive biases – that can shape the behaviour of scientists, the questions they ask, the methods they use, the analytical choices they make, and the conclusions they draw. The factors may be particularly important in research areas where there is considerable uncertainty, and where personal values may come into play. Understanding the nature and impact of these factors, and developing frameworks for arriving at consensus, will be important if we are to make genuinely evidence-based policy recommendations.


  • Professor Marcus Munafò Professor of Biological Psychology and MRC Investigator - School of Psychological Science, University of Bristol

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